If a SAFE kit is an option for you, you will have to give your consent prior to having it completed. At your request, the healthcare provider will arrange for a SAFE to be conducted. While you are not required to have a SAFE, such an exam may result in the collection of valuable evidence that will aid investigators. You can consent to some procedures and decline others. If you have a SAFE conducted, some information pertinent to your examination and the sexual assault may be noted in your medical records.
Please discuss any concerns about your medical records with your doctor or nurse. If you choose not to have a SAFE conducted, but choose to have a medical exam performed, some information about the sexual assault may be noted in your medical records. You should discuss any concerns about this with the nurse or doctor. The military justice process is the legal process within a military jurisdiction.
The military justice process begins with an Unrestricted Report. Investigators are contacted, and you will be asked to provide a detailed statement of the assault. For example, the commander may decide to take the case to an Article 32 Preliminary Hearing — a proceeding to determine if the evidence surrounding the charge or specification warrants a general court-martial. You may be asked to be a witness in an Article 32 Preliminary Hearing , but you are not required to participate or attend.
It is important to know and understand your rights as you go through the military justice process. You may be asked to be interviewed by lawyers, also known as judge advocates. Since December , judge advocates have been mandated to serve as investigating officers for all Article 32 Preliminary Hearings on sexual assault offense charges. These rights provide for the reasonable protection, privacy, information, respectful treatment for victims and more as they participate in the criminal justice system. Additional information is provided below:. DoD law enforcement and legal personnel directly engaged in the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crimes are responsible for ensuring that victims of military-related crime are accorded the following rights:.
Service members who file an Unrestricted report have the option to request through their Commanding Officer a permanent or temporary Expedited Transfer from their assigned command or installation, or to a different location within their assigned command or installation. If you file a Restricted Report, your chain of command and the perpetrator will not be notified, and there will not be an official investigation of the crime.
You will also not be able to receive additional protective measures, like Military Protective Orders or request an Expedited Transfer, but you will have a Safety Assessment. However, none of these individuals can take an official report of sexual assault. Also, any healthcare personnel you received services from e. These personnel have strict confidentiality rules, so they are prohibited from sharing your information unless a specific exception applies.
Please immediately discuss the circumstances of whom and when you told others with your SARC, who will help you understand the effect this may have on your reporting options. However, disclosing to a family member, friend or peer does not automatically prevent you from making a Restricted Report, unless they are in your chain of command or law enforcement.
Your healthcare provider can give you more information about the procedure as well as arrange for an exam to be completed with your consent. It is also possible to have evidence collected and stored anonymously though a Restricted Report. It is also important to know that you can consent to the exam and still refuse specific procedures. During the late s, the Air Force allowed several Air National Guard units to trade in their aging piston-driven fighters for second-line transports.
It received Curtiss CD Commandos. Two other aeromedical transport squadrons followed that year, primarily because of the impracticality of converting their locations to modern jet fighter operations. In , the Air Force, in order to save operating funds, planned to phase out 48 C Stratofreighters before their replacements were available to the active force.
Additionally, the Air National Guard also took on an air refueling mission. World War II had left the city of Berlin miles deep within East German territory, controlled by the Soviet Union , and divided into Soviet , British, French, and United States zones of occupation, administered under local agreements which did not guarantee Western access to the city.
Responding to a series of Soviet actions in , the three western allies consolidated their zones and formed the city of West Berlin. For fifteen years the western powers maintained a tenacious hold on West Berlin under periodic harassment of the Soviets. On 13 August , Berliners woke up to find they lived in a divided city. A wall now separated East Berlin from West Berlin. With that provocative act, the Soviet Union ratcheted up the Cold War. President John F.
How is the National Guard different from the regular Army?
All the Guard units were in place within a month of their respective mobilization days, although they required additional training, equipment, and personnel after being called up. In all, some 21, Air Guardsmen were mobilized during the Berlin Crisis. By August , the units mobilized for the Berlin Crisis returned to state control. They had hardly resumed normal operations when President Kennedy announced on 22 October that the Soviet Union had placed nuclear warheads in Cuba , only 90 miles from Florida.
Air National Guard bases hosted Air Force fighters and bombers dispersed there to avoid a possible Soviet nuclear response to the crisis. But in the end, no ANG unit was federalized. As a result of these two Cold War incidents, from January through December , for the first time Air National Guard airlift units began routinely deploying overseas during their annual training periods, primarily to Europe, to exercise their wartime missions. With the Regular Air Force tanker fleet being used more and more in Southeast Asia after to support combat operations in South Vietnam , combined with the concurrent demands of the Strategic Air Command SAC for performing its nuclear deterrence mission, both volunteer Air Force Reservists and Air National Guardsmen in air refueling units participated in worldwide air refueling missions during their Annual Training or other additional active duty periods in order to supplement the active duty tanker force.
However, for largely domestic political reasons, President Lyndon B. Johnson chose not to mobilize most of the nation's reserve forces before His reasons for not mobilizing reserve forces were many. Primarily, he did not believe that the war in Vietnam justified the dramatic act of mobilizing Reserve and National Guard forces. He accepted the need to fight the war, but he wanted to prosecute it as quietly as possible, not attracting too much attention at home and risk jeopardizing his domestic programs.
He also wanted to avoid drawing the Communist Chinese into the war or the attention of the Soviet Union , the latter which might view the mobilization of Reserve and National Guard units as "escalatory" within a larger Cold War context. Moreover, recalling Reservists' complaints of inactivity following the Berlin mobilization of , he was also reluctant to recall Reservists and National Guardsmen without the assurance that their employment would significantly affect the course of the war, an assurance no official in his administration could provide.
As a result, even though still populated by many World War II and Korean War combat veterans, the Reserves and the National Guard acquired ill-deserved reputations during this period as havens for relatively affluent, young white men with no prior active duty military service to serve as officers or enlisted personnel as a means to avoid the draft into the active duty U. Army in an enlisted status. These flights continued on a regular basis until However, after the Tet Offensive in which the Communist North Vietnamese and Vietcong troops attacked positions throughout the Republic of Vietnam , the Pentagon dispatched four Air National Guard fighter squadrons to that nation.
However, the Pueblo crisis ended without a resort to combat. During the next six months, approximately 60 Air National Guardsmen were rotated through the latter installation on to day tours in Operation "Commando Buzz," their aircraft serving as flying radar stations and airborne control platforms for U.
The transfer became permanent on 26 June , at which time all TDY members were offered the opportunity to volunteer for a full year's tour. All 13 ANG pilots volunteered, one of whom was killed in action a month later. As part of the re-thinking of military concepts after the Vietnam War, beginning in the early s with the establishment of the All-Volunteer Armed Forces, both the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve force planning and policymaking were influenced by the "Total Force" Concept and have remained so to this day.
The concept sought to strengthen and rebuild public confidence in the reserve forces while saving money by reducing the size of the active duty force.
In practical terms, the Total Force policy sought to ensure that all policymaking, planning, programming, and budgetary activities within the Defense Department considered active and reserve forces concurrently and determined the most efficient mix of those forces in terms of costs versus contributions to national security.
The policy also insured that Reservists and Guardsmen, not draftees, would be the first and primary source of manpower to augment the active duty forces in any future crisis. Starting in , the ANG began conducting operations in Latin America and by the late s to defend the Panama Canal and to provide training support, embassy resupply, search and rescue, and counterdrug operations. In addition, the ANG airlifted supplies and hardware to remote radar sites and performed aerial mapping operations. Under the auspices of this separate appropriation for Guard and Reserve equipment established in under President Ronald Reagan , 69 brand new Cs entered the ANG's inventory from to In July , Air National Guard units began supporting Air Force tanker task forces overseas with second-line KC Stratofreighter propeller-driven tankers and volunteer crews when needed.
Triggered by a decision by Secretary of Defense James R. Altogether, the Air Force transferred older KCs to the air reserve components to retire the slow prop-driven tankers, which modern fighters had to reduce speed to nearly stall speed in order to refuel from. The ANG focused on modernization, more realistic combat training, increased readiness, and personnel growth, primarily in nonflying, mission support units. In the years since its third activation, more of the responsibility for the defense of American air sovereignty was shifted to the Air National Guard.
By the s, 90 percent of the air defense mission was being handled by the Air National Guard. Instead of increasing the number of units, the National Guard Bureau authorized units to increase the number of aircraft assigned to them when the Air Force made those planes available. This was due in no small part to the ANG units being manned by more senior pilots and weapon systems officers, most of whom had recent combat experience as prior active duty officers in the Regular Air Force and who continued to hone their skills in fighter aircraft while their active duty contemporaries had to leave the cockpit for career enhancing non-flying staff assignments.
The expiration of the Soviet Union , beginning with the fall of the Berlin Wall and Glasnost in and culminating in the USSR's breakup into its republics in , constituted a major upheaval that continued to influence global politics into the 21st century. Volunteer C crews completed sorties moving 3, passengers and Those units monitored suspected airborne drug traffickers transiting Central America as well as the adjacent oceans.
As the transfer of the Panama Canal to Panama approached, the Air National Guard began turning the operation over to civilian contractors. Following the seizure of Kuwait by Iraqi forces in August , the Air Force turned to both of its reserve components for help and was swamped with volunteers. Before President George H. Bush mobilized Reservists and National Guardsmen on 22 August , nearly 1, Air National Guardsmen actually entered active duty as volunteers.
Initially, most of them concentrated on aerial refueling and airlifting American forces to the Persian Gulf region. When called upon, Air National Guardsmen were immediately prepared to perform their missions alongside their active Air Force counterparts. They did not need additional training or new equipment to do their jobs. They were integrated into most of the Air Force's operational missions, flying strategic airlift and aerial refueling sorties, and manning aerial ports. Air National Guardsmen also flew fighter, attack, aerial reconnaissance, special operations, and tactical theater airlift missions.
Compared to previous mobilizations, ANG units and individuals during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm were much better prepared to perform their missions upon entry into federal service. Units were well equipped and well trained. As planned, they were able to respond much more rapidly and effectively than in previous call-ups.
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They were integrated into operations with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts with a minimum of disruption and delay. In a new concept at the time, relatively few ANG outfits were mobilized as units. Instead, the Air Force called up packages of equipment and personnel that were developed after the crisis began.
Mobilizing entire flying units and maintaining their integrity while in federal service, although desirable, would no longer be the only acceptable approach to supporting the Air Force in a crisis. Instead the Air National Guard would be flexible in its response in order to fit the situation. That could involve individual volunteers, tailored packages of volunteers, or mobilized Air National Guardsmen developed in response to specific contingencies. After the first Gulf War ended in , air power continued to play a significant role in containing Saddam Hussein 's regime in Iraq, as did a naval blockade and United Nations economic sanctions.
Together those forces also crippled the economic and military foundations of Hussein's power. The Air National Guard participated widely in that long campaign, which featured U. Later deploying units to Turkey participated in Operation Northern Watch that was focused strictly on enforcing the no-fly zone above the 36th parallel in Iraq as mandated by the UN and did not include humanitarian relief for the Kurds.
Following the first Gulf War, the Air National Guard's senior leadership in the National Guard Bureau began to adapt their organization for the post-Cold War era in a series of far-reaching discussions with top echelon Air Force personnel, state officials, unit leaders, and members of Congress. Essentially, the Air Force agreed it would attempt to retain all ANG and Air Force Reserve flying units, while reducing its own as a cost-effective way to maintain a post-Cold War force structure.
However, as limited amounts of newer equipment became available from a smaller Air Force, and budgets tightened, the ANG would reduce the numbers of aircraft assigned to each unit. If necessary, it would combine units at the same locations. Some organizations would close down, but only as a last resort.
Aided by the newer aircraft from the shrinking Air Force inventory, the Air National Guard modernized and reshaped its fleet after the Cold War. The size and composition of the ANG's aircraft inventory changed significantly after Most flying unit designations were simplified to "Airlift" or "Fighter" or "Air Refueling" or "Rescue", with flying squadrons being assigned to Operations Groups. Also, on 1 October , in accordance with the USAF "one base-one wing" policy, all Air National Guard flying units previously designated as a "group" had their status changed to a "wing" no later than 1 October Additionally, ANG stations hosting flying units were re-designated as an "Air National Guard Base" if they were not collocated on an active duty installation.
Other overseas operations during the s took Air National Guardsmen to Somalia , the former Yugoslavia , Haiti, and Rwanda to augment the Air Force in a series of contingencies and humanitarian relief operations. Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve units would generally assume responsibility for an operation for 30 to 90 days, and then rotate their personnel on to day tours to a given location until the commitment ended. That operation expanded significantly the following February to include airdrops of food and medicine to Muslim enclaves in eastern Bosnia blockaded by Bosnian Serbs.
They performed airlift, airdrop, and medical evacuation missions. The Americans made a major contribution to the overall allied effort, which involved airmen from 21 nations. The operation also provided close air support to UN Protection Force ground troops serving as peacekeepers , and airstrikes against Serb weapons threatening UN-designated safe areas in Bosnia. Along with unit personnel, the six Air National Guard and six Air Force Reserve As returned to their home stations in mid-January after flying sorties and accumulating over 1, hours of Deny Flight flying time.
By the time Deny Flight ended on 20 December , elements of seven Air Guard fighter and 11 air refueling units had participated in it. Operation Deliberate Force , was initiated in August after the Bosnian Serb army shelled a Sarajevo marketplace killing 43 civilians and wounding 75 more. A contingent from the th Fighter Wing participated in the action. The intensity of the bombing stunned the Serbs. Coupled with victories of an American-trained Croatian-Muslim army in western Bosnia, that operation forced the Serbs to sue for peace.
On average, ANG airlift deployment packages consisted of approximately 75 personnel and two C aircraft. In August , the Air Force inaugurated a new concept. AEFs would rotate in order to ease the strain of increased post-Cold War operations overseas. Moreover, the timing of rotations became more predictable.
Greater predictability would enable Airmen, especially those in the Air Reserve Component, to better manage the competing demands of families, civilian careers, and military service. Air National Guard aviation units would be expected to deploy overseas once every 15 months while support units would do so at month intervals.
Driven by those requirements, Air National Guard planners in the National Guard Bureau began to "reengineer" ANG units to better participate in their expeditionary roles. The benefits of this concept became apparent in the events of the early s. The only air defense fighter units stationed within the entire northeastern United States belonged to the Air National Guard. The two pilots immediately suited up and headed for their Fs. Marr ordered Nash and Duffy into the air; their Fs were airborne within six minutes and as directed, headed for New York City, miles away.
They were at their battle stations because of a growing general concern about the situation that morning. In six minutes, the Langley Fs were airborne. In accordance with established NORAD procedures, the Fs were initially directed to head northeast to avoid some of the most heavily traveled commercial airline routes rather than to fly directly to the Washington, DC, area. On 22 May , a Joint Resolution was passed by the Congress of the United States recognizing the members of the d Fighter Wingfor their actions on 11 September The resolution in part states:. Whereas on the morning of 11 September , the nd Fighter Wing of the Massachusetts Air National Guard became the Nation's first airborne responder to the terrorist attacks of that day when it scrambled two F fighter aircraft just six minutes after being informed of the terrorist hijackings of commercial airliners.
As a result of the September 11 attacks in , homeland defense became the top national defense priority the enhanced defense of North America and military support to civilian government agencies, known as Operation Noble Eagle , began early the next day. During the first 24 hours of the crisis, 34 Air National Guard fighter units flew missions. Eighteen tanker units generated 78 aircraft in the same time period.
What is the US national guard and when is it called up? | World news | The Guardian
Air National Guard units also contributed C aircraft for movement of personnel and equipment to needed locations, and more than 3, ANG security forces personnel supported the mission, augmenting civilian security police as necessary. A week after the attacks, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld announced the call up of over more than 5, members of the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve to support the nation's increased security requirements. On 22 September, President George W. Bush mobilized about 5, more members of the air reserve components, including approximately 3, air refueling and about security specialists.
Guardsmen gained national visibility starting 27 September when President George W. In the airports they would "Temporarily augment the civilian airport security function of the nation's commercial airports with a trained, armed, and highly visible military presence. Although the Army Guard provided the vast majority of the enhanced airport security force, several hundred Air National Guard personnel also participated. ANG squadrons at 26 bases were put at tremendous strain to support the operations. In addition, when key events occurred such as the Winter Olympics in Utah, space shuttle launches in Florida, baseball's World Series and football's Super Bowl , similar air patrols helped provide security.
Because estimates of the nation's security situation became more optimistic, in spring , the Air Force eliminated the continuous patrols and substituted random ones by the summer. On 20 September , President Bush told a televised joint session of Congress and the American people that Osama bin Laden and his al Qaeda network were responsible for the recent terrorist attacks on the United States.
The refusal of the Taliban to comply resulted in the United States taking military action to achieve the president's demands, the action given the name Operation Enduring Freedom. The ANG was involved even before the fighting in Afghanistan began. With the war imminent, the Air Force quickly established an airlift operations plan that included active duty, Guard, and Reserve components.
It became one of the most extensive operations in Air Force history. Furthermore, the Air Force met the logistical needs of that operation despite the severe shortage of strategic airlift and troublesome maintenance needs of the older planes. Air National Guard tanker units received orders by 20 September , to be in their deployed locations before the start of their air bridge operations. Some ANG tanker units also flew humanitarian support missions.
By using European bases, the Air Force could transfer cargo from the larger aircraft to smaller planes, refuel aircraft on the ground, exchange flight crews, give crews rest opportunities, and repair broken aircraft. Typically, ANG special operations units in man teams first went to active duty bases in the United States, and later to overseas locations. In addition, F pilots sometimes fired their 20mm gun against ground targets. Missions could last up to 10 hours with multiple air refuelings.
After so many hours strapped in their seats, pilots generally received one to three days of crew rest. The unit returned to South Carolina on 3 April From December to January , the th Fighter Wing deployed personnel and sent its aircraft to Bagram Air Base , Afghanistan to carry out ground support missions for both United States as well as Afghan Northern Alliance ground forces. I feel like I am being scammed. He said his name is Samuel Amzan.
His D. Can you please see if he is really in the Navy. Do you know the individual? Do you have any known connection to him? How did he contact you?
Are they asking you to provide personal information, bank account, etc.? Believe to be a solider. I really need to get something to him. Us army maybe be a sergeant now. This is very important. Hi i would like to know if there a guy name Jackson Crawford Kingsley in the military? Details that i have was only Captain E 5 ranking mos combat soldier.
What is the national guard?
He send me like real pictures from his training in Afghanistan. Any help is highly appreciated Angela. Any information you have will be appreciated. I am curious if you all have have a service member by the name of Robert Jeffery.. He has stated to me that he I in the Army and that he is a surgeon, and that he is in Afghanistan…please email me back to let me know if this I true thanks…. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Home Sitemap About Contact Privacy.
Private Investigator and Investigation Resources. Learn how to find someone who is serving in the military.
Thanks, Rubi. Thank you so much for your time Jen. It does sound suspicious.